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Sexual Orientation and Workplace Discrimination: Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia ​

by Ambareesh
Addressing workplace discrimination based on sexual orientation: Combating homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia

Nearly half of LGBTQ people face workplace discrimination in the world. According to various surveys, more than 40% of people have experienced workplace discrimination and harassment, including being fired, underpaid, sexual abuse, verbal harassment, and more. As the job is necessary, many LGBTQ people hide their gender identity and survive an uncomfortable life to avoid workplace discrimination.   

Even though the supreme court of India had decriminalized the LGBTQ community, society still frowned upon them, especially at work. Though many MNCs support the LGBTQ community, many people still suffer workplace discrimination and abuse.   

In many countries, the LGBTQ community is still considered evil, especially in rural areas. They’re not allowed to access legal recognition, which is their fundamental human right. In 2018 supreme court of India passed a verdict striking section 377, the criminalization of the LGBT community. However, the community still faces widespread discrimination and stigma worldwide.     

Not surprisingly, LGBTIQ Community faces discrimination, prejudice, and exclusion worldwide, especially in the educational and employment sector. They also face exclusion from their families. In many countries, the LGBT community faces physical assaults and murders because of their different sexual orientation. Being sexually different is a criminal offense in many countries. People are getting punished for their preferences; how ridiculous.     

Sexual Orientation  

Sexual orientation is your emotional and affectionate attraction to others. Gender identity and sexual orientation are not the same. Sexual orientation defines your attraction towards the other person, that is, with whom you want to be, and gender identity is what you call yourself or who you are. Sexual orientation is related to feelings and emotions, while gender identity is already present.      

Some of the known gender identities are:     

  • Lesbian: Women are attracted to women.     
  • Gay: Men are attracted to men.     
  • Bisexual: people interested in both men and women.     
  • Transgender: people who are not satisfied with their birth gender.    
  • Queer: common term for people who are not heterosexual.    
  • Heterosexual: people attracted to different genders.      
  • Asexual: don’t have any sexual attraction to anyone.     

Even though your sexual orientation is predetermined, it can change or shift. According to sex researchers’ sexual orientation is a scale where gay is on the one end and straight on the other end, and people’s sexual orientation comes somewhere in the middle of the scale.    

Sexual Orientation and Workplace Discrimination: Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia ​

Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia   

 Did you know May 17 is the day against homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia?    

Homophobia, Biphobia, Transphobia, and Acephobia are terms for fear of someone based on their negative beliefs or stigma about people who belong to the LGBTQ community. This fear or dislike forces people to behave differently towards LGBTIQ people. Some common examples are, using derogatory terms, jokingly calling names, harassing, abusing, and more; all such behaviors are unacceptable. 

Homophobia is your fear of homosexuals, that is, gay and lesbians. According to psychologists, Homophobic people dislike homosexuals for various reasons, including when a homosexual person approaches you or when you have some homosexual tendencies.    

Biphobia is your fear of bisexual people. However, bisexual people are also known as homosexuals. Transphobia is the stigma against transgender people. Trans people are the ones who are not comfortable with their gender, as they often wish to change their gender surgically.    

Let’s hope to eliminate these phobias, and let’s consider everyone human and everyone equal. Let the differences vanish, and peace prevails.

  

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